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Instrument Cluster Replacement
 
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Pelican Technical Article:

Instrument Cluster Replacement

Nick Czerula

Time:

2 hours2 hrs

Tab:

$300

Talent:

**

Tools:

Plastic prying tool, T10, T25 Torx, small flathead

Applicable Models:

Volvo V70 (1998-01)
Volvo V70 2.4T (2001)
Volvo V70 AWD (1998-99)
Volvo V70 GLT (1998-00)
Volvo V70 GLT SE (2000)
Volvo V70 R (1998)
Volvo V70 R AWD (1999-00)
Volvo V70 T5 (1998-01)
Volvo V70 X/C (2001)
Volvo V70 X/C AWD (1998-00)
Volvo V70 X/C AWD SE (2000)

Parts Required:

Instrument cluster, gauges, bulbs

Hot Tip:

Work in good light and on clean surface and clean cluster plastic before reinstalling

Performance Gain:

Working instrument cluster

Complementary Modification:

Bulbs in groups

The instrument cluster on Volvo V70 models incorporates multiple information gauges that display engine operation information. Some of the information displayed includes: the fuel gauge, engine RPM and vehicle speed. As vehicles mature and computer controls become more advanced, less information is relayed to the driver. This is evident with the minimalist gauge set in Volvo V70 models.

The instrument cluster on Volvo V70 models can be serviced as a whole unit or individual gauges and bulbs. The illumination and warning lights in the cluster are small replaceable bulbs. When a bulb or gauge fails in the cluster you have two options, remove the instrument and replace the faulty gauge, or send it out to a repair service. I feel like option two, sending it out for repair is the last effort for repair, used when a gauge has stopped working and the issue is in the board.

In this tech article I will show you how to remove the instrument cluster, replace the bulbs and gauges.

Remember that your car may have been serviced before and had parts replaced with different size fasteners used in the replacement. The sizes of the nuts and bolts we give may be different from what you have so be prepared with different size sockets and wrenches.

Protect your eyes, hands and body from fluids, dust and debris while working on your vehicle. If you're working with the electrical system, disconnect the battery before beginning. Always catch fluids in appropriate containers and properly dispose of any fluid waste. Recycle parts, packaging and fluids when possible. Never work on your vehicle if you feel the task is beyond your ability.

Our vehicle may vary slightly from yours as models do change and evolve, as they grow older. If something seems different, let us know and share your info to help other users. Do you have questions or want to add to the article? Leave a comment below. When leaving a comment, please leave your vehicle information.

The instrument cluster on Volvo V70 models can be serviced as a whole unit or individual gauges (green arrows) and bulbs (red arrows).
Figure 1

The instrument cluster on Volvo V70 models can be serviced as a whole unit or individual gauges (green arrows) and bulbs (red arrows). The illumination and warning lights in the cluster are small replaceable bulbs.

Start by removing the upper dashboard panel.
Figure 2

Start by removing the upper dashboard panel. See our tech article on the upper dashboard panel replacing. Then, working at the top of the instrument cluster, disconnect the electrical connectors by pressing the release tabs (red arrows) and pulling it straight out (inset).

Working at the top of the instrument cluster, unclip (inset) the mounting hasps (red arrows).
Figure 3

Working at the top of the instrument cluster, unclip (inset) the mounting hasps (red arrows).

Next, pull the instrument cluster up slightly enough to access the connector at the rear.
Figure 4

Next, pull the instrument cluster up slightly enough to access the connector at the rear. Disconnect the electrical connector by pressing the release tab (red arrow) and pulling it straight out.

Next, pull the instrument cluster up at an angle and remove it from the dashboard.
Figure 5

Next, pull the instrument cluster up at an angle and remove it from the dashboard.

Place the instrument cluster on a bench covered in a blanket.
Figure 6

Place the instrument cluster on a bench covered in a blanket. This will protect the gauge cover. The main illumination bulbs are the larger black sockets (red arrows). To replace a bulb, rotate the bulb holder 90° and remove it (yellow arrow). Separate the bulb from the holder (green arrow) and replace with a new one.

Place the instrument cluster on a bench covered in a blanket.
Figure 7

Place the instrument cluster on a bench covered in a blanket. This will protect the gauge cover. The warning light and info screen bulbs are the smaller blue sockets (green arrows). To replace a bulb, rotate the bulb holder 90° and remove it (red arrow). Replace the bulb with holder as a unit.

Place the instrument cluster on a bench covered in a blanket.
Figure 8

Place the instrument cluster on a bench covered in a blanket. This will protect the gauge cover. The warring light and info screen bulbs are the smaller blue sockets. The bulb position is identified by the label (red arrows). If you are using a Volvo wiring diagram to identify a bulb that is out, use this number with the wiring.

Place the instrument cluster on a bench covered in a blanket.
Figure 9

Place the instrument cluster on a bench covered in a blanket. This will protect the gauge cover. Working at the rear center of the instrument cluster, remove the two T10 Torx screws (red arrows).

Remove the keyless entry receiver from the instrument cluster.
Figure 10

Remove the keyless entry receiver from the instrument cluster.

Working at the bottom of the cluster, unclip the plastic tabs (red arrows) and slide the cover away from the gauges.
Figure 11

Working at the bottom of the cluster, unclip the plastic tabs (red arrows) and slide the cover away from the gauges.

Unclip the remaining plastic clips around the cluster and remove the plastic gauge cover.
Figure 12

Unclip the remaining plastic clips around the cluster and remove the plastic gauge cover.

With the gauge cover removed, you can now replace the fuel / temp gauges (yellow arrow), the speedometer (red arrow) and the tachometer (green arrow).
Figure 13

With the gauge cover removed, you can now replace the fuel / temp gauges (yellow arrow), the speedometer (red arrow) and the tachometer (green arrow).

To replace the speedo, pull the reset button up enough to detach it from the cluster (inset).
Figure 14

To replace the speedo, pull the reset button up enough to detach it from the cluster (inset). Then lift the speedo off the cluster. You will have to wiggle it as you work the perimeter to remove it.

When installing the speedo, be sure that the electrical connections align with the correct holes (red arrows).
Figure 15

When installing the speedo, be sure that the electrical connections align with the correct holes (red arrows). Then snap the reset button into the cluster.

To replace the other gauges, lift the gauge off the cluster.
Figure 16

To replace the other gauges, lift the gauge off the cluster. You will have to wiggle it as you work the perimeter to remove it. The fuel / temp gauge is shown. The tach is similar. Then install a new or repaired instrument cluster into the dashboard in the reverse order of removal. Check the operation of the replaced instrument cluster to confirm that everything is working, as it is supposed to.



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