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Pelican Technical Article:

Starter Replacement

Nick Czerula

Time:

3 hours3 hrs

Tab:

$250

Talent:

*****

Tools:

10, 12, 13, 14mm sockets, flathead screwdriver

Applicable Models:

Volvo V70 (1998-01)
Volvo V70 2.4T (2001)
Volvo V70 AWD (1998-99)
Volvo V70 GLT (1998-00)
Volvo V70 GLT SE (2000)
Volvo V70 R (1998)
Volvo V70 R AWD (1999-00)
Volvo V70 T5 (1998-01)
Volvo V70 X/C (2001)
Volvo V70 X/C AWD (1998-00)
Volvo V70 X/C AWD SE (2000)

Parts Required:

Starter motor

Hot Tip:

Work with a cool engine

Performance Gain:

Reliable and working starter

Complementary Modification:

Replace battery

The starter motor is an electric motor powered by the battery, commanded on when the driver rotates the key to start the engine. The modern Volvo starter motor is a permanent magnet direct current electric motor with a solenoid mounted on it. When current from the vehicle battery is applied to the solenoid, the solenoid engages a lever that pushes out the drive pinion on the starter driveshaft and meshes the pinion with the starter ring gear on the flywheel of the engine.

The solenoid closes the high-current contacts for the starter motor. The starter motor then turns the engine. Once the engine starts, a spring in the solenoid assembly pulls the pinion gear away from the ring gear, and the starter motor stops.

When a starter motor fails your engine will not start. You may turn the key and attempt to crank the engine but nothing happens or maybe only a few clicks. It is important to be sure your battery is fully charged and in good condition and that the battery terminals, positive connections and ground cables are tight and corrosion-free before condemning your starter.

The engine starter motor is located on front of the engine below the intake manifold.

Remember that your car may have been serviced before and had parts replaced with different size fasteners used in the replacement. The sizes of the nuts and bolts we give may be different from what you have so be prepared with different size sockets and wrenches.

Protect your eyes, hands and body from fluids, dust and debris while working on your vehicle. If you're working with the electrical system, disconnect the battery before beginning. Always catch fluids in appropriate containers and properly dispose of any fluid waste. Recycle parts, packaging and fluids when possible. Never work on your vehicle if you feel the task is beyond your ability.

Our vehicle may vary slightly from yours as models do change and evolve, as they grow older. If something seems different, let us know and share your info to help other users. Do you have questions or want to add to the article? Leave a comment below. When leaving a comment, please leave your vehicle information.

The engine starter motor (red arrow) is located on front of the engine below the intake manifold (green arrow).
Figure 1

The engine starter motor (red arrow) is located on front of the engine below the intake manifold (green arrow).

Disconnect the negative (-) battery cable (red arrow).
Figure 2

Disconnect the negative (-) battery cable (red arrow). See our tech article on battery replacing.

I like to remove the throttle housing to make getting the starter out much easier (red arrow).
Figure 3

I like to remove the throttle housing to make getting the starter out much easier (red arrow). To use this method, see our tech article on throttle housing replacing. You don't have to disconnect the electrical connector. Just allow the throttle housing to sit at the intake air housing.

Start by removing the starter insulation shield (red arrow).
Figure 4

Start by removing the starter insulation shield (red arrow). Pull it off toward the radiator.

Working at the back of the starter solenoid, pull the small wire (red arrow) straight off to remove it.
Figure 5

Working at the back of the starter solenoid, pull the small wire (red arrow) straight off to remove it. Then, remove the 13mm battery positive (B+) cable nut (green arrow).

Next, pull the starter cables off the starter solenoid (red arrow).
Figure 6

Next, pull the starter cables off the starter solenoid (red arrow).

Next, you will remove the starter fasteners.
Figure 7

Next, you will remove the starter fasteners. You can loosen the 10mm nuts at the starter motor (green arrows), but you won't have to remove them until the starter is out. So I usually leave them tight and remove only the 12mm bracket fastener (red arrow).

Use a four-inch long extension to access the 12mm bracket fastener (red arrow).
Figure 8

Use a four-inch long extension to access the 12mm bracket fastener (red arrow).

Now you can remove the main starter fasteners (red arrows).
Figure 9

Now you can remove the main starter fasteners (red arrows). The lower fastener is accessed in a recess in the transmission bellhousing, ratchet shown in location. The upper one is visible. Just move the radiator hose aside to access it.

Once the fasteners are removed, the starter has to be wiggled to free the dowel pin (red arrow).
Figure 10

Once the fasteners are removed, the starter has to be wiggled to free the dowel pin (red arrow). If it is giving you a hard time, wiggle the starter until there is enough space for a flathead screwdriver (green arrow). Then lever the starter out. Work gently so you don't damage the transmission bellhousing.

Now you can remove the starter from the engine.
Figure 11

Now you can remove the starter from the engine. Just pull it out of the engine toward the front of the vehicle in the area of the throttle housing. Once the starter is removed, remove the two 10mm bracket nuts (red arrows). Then transfer the bracket over to the new starter. Leave the bracket nuts loose until the starter is secured to the engine. Then tighten them. Reverse the steps to install the new starter. Reassemble the engine. Reconnect the battery. Check the operation of the starter, then recheck that all the wiring is routed as before.



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