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Ignition Switch Replacement
 
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Pelican Technical Article:

Ignition Switch Replacement

Nick Czerula

Time:

2 hours2 hrs

Tab:

$300

Talent:

*****

Tools:

18mm socket, drill 1/8 and 21/64 drill bits, T20, T25 Torx

Applicable Models:

Volvo V70 (1998-01)
Volvo V70 2.4T (2001)
Volvo V70 AWD (1998-99)
Volvo V70 GLT (1998-00)
Volvo V70 GLT SE (2000)
Volvo V70 R (1998)
Volvo V70 R AWD (1999-00)
Volvo V70 T5 (1998-01)
Volvo V70 X/C (2001)
Volvo V70 X/C AWD (1998-00)
Volvo V70 X/C AWD SE (2000)

Parts Required:

Ignition lock cylinder, EWS antenna, Ignition switch

Hot Tip:

Always disconnect battery before working on your electrical system.

Performance Gain:

Repair lock cylinder or ignition switch

Complementary Modification:

Replace lock cylinder light

Both of the ignition switches are covered in this tech article, the mechanical lock cylinder and the electronic switch. The mechanical lock cylinder is unlocked via the key allowing a cylinder to rotate in turn rotating an electronic switch on the opposite end.

The mechanical lock cylinder wears out from normal use. The lock cylinder may become difficult to turn or jam. If this is happening, try a different key before condemning the lock cylinder. I have seen many worn keys over the years.

The electrical switch also wears out, creating a no start condition or electrical gremlins. I have seen warning lights on, power windows not working and many other problems caused by a faulty ignition switch. If you have low voltage to fuses or weird electrical gremlins, check the power out of the switch. It should match battery volts. If it does not, there may be resistance inside the switch, dropping the voltage and causing your problems.

Remember that your car may have been serviced before and had parts replaced with different size fasteners used in the replacement. The sizes of the nuts and bolts we give may be different from what you have so be prepared with different size sockets and wrenches.

Protect your eyes, hands and body from fluids, dust and debris while working on your vehicle. If you're working with the electrical system, disconnect the battery before beginning. Always catch fluids in appropriate containers and properly dispose of any fluid waste. Recycle parts, packaging and fluids when possible. Never work on your vehicle if you feel the task is beyond your ability.

Our vehicle may vary slightly from yours as models do change and evolve, as they grow older. If something seems different, let us know and share your info to help other users. Do you have questions or want to add to the article? Leave a comment below. When leaving a comment, please leave your vehicle information.

Both of the ignition switches are covered in this tech article, the mechanical lock cylinder (green arrow) and electronic switch (red arrow).
Figure 1

Both of the ignition switches are covered in this tech article, the mechanical lock cylinder (green arrow) and electronic switch (red arrow). The mechanical lock cylinder is unlocked via the key allowing a cylinder to rotate in turn rotating an electronic switch on the opposite end. To replace the electronic portion, you do not have to remove the steering wheel. You can remove the steering wheel trim cover, then the electric switch. To replace the lock cylinder, the steering wheel has to be removed. For the items in the tech article, I will show both procedures with the steering wheel removed.

Remove the lower steering column trim T25 Torx screws (green arrows).
Figure 2

Remove the lower steering column trim T25 Torx screws (green arrows).

Then pull the upper trim panel straight up (green arrow) to remove it.
Figure 3

Then pull the upper trim panel straight up (green arrow) to remove it. You will have to pull up to unclip it. Then raise it at an angle and remove the side closest to the instruments last.

Detach the flexible trim from the upper cover.
Figure 4

Detach the flexible trim from the upper cover. Detach the clips (green arrow) by pulling up (inset).

Pull the lower cover out and over the lock cylinder.
Figure 5

Pull the lower cover out and over the lock cylinder.

Then remove the lower cover down at an angle.
Figure 6

Then remove the lower cover down at an angle. If you're replacing only the electronic switch, the remaining steering column items can remain installed. If you're replacing the lock cylinder, remove the clock spring (green arrow) and the steering column switches (red arrows). See our tech article on the related items if needed.

Using a long T20 Torx bit, remove the two ignition switch screws (green arrows).
Figure 7

Using a long T20 Torx bit, remove the two ignition switch screws (green arrows).

Then, pull the switch down to access the electrical connector.
Figure 8

Then, pull the switch down to access the electrical connector. Disconnect the electrical connector by pressing the release tab (green arrow) and pulling it straight out. Install the new switch in the reverse order of removal. Be sure when installing, the slot in the switch (red arrow) is aligned with the tab on the lock cylinder. When tightening the screws, hold the switch all the way into the steering column and align the recesses with the mounting holes. Do not apply too much pressure, but this ensures the switch is properly engaged.

Pull the lock cylinder light (green arrow) off the lock cylinder and move it out of the way.
Figure 9

Pull the lock cylinder light (green arrow) off the lock cylinder and move it out of the way. Remove the clock spring and steering column switches.

Working at the top of the steering column, drill out the shear bolts (red arrows).
Figure 10

Working at the top of the steering column, drill out the shear bolts (red arrows). First use an 1/8" drill bit for a pilot hole. Then drill out the bolt heads using a 21/64" drill bit.

Working at the top of the steering column, drill out the shear bolts.
Figure 11

Working at the top of the steering column, drill out the shear bolts. First use an 1/8" drill bit (red arrow) for a pilot hole. Then drill out the bolt heads using a 21/64" drill bit (green arrow).

Be sure the head of the shear bolt is completely removed (green arrow) before attempting to remove the lock cylinder.
Figure 12

Be sure the head of the shear bolt is completely removed (green arrow) before attempting to remove the lock cylinder.

Remove the lock cylinder from the steering column.
Figure 13

Remove the lock cylinder from the steering column. When installing, be sure the steering lock (green arrow) is properly engaged in the steering column slot. Install the new lock in the reverse order of removal. Shear off the new shear bolts when tightening. Check the operation using your key. Then reinstall the steering column trim and you are done.

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Comments and Suggestions:
Jude Comments: My 2004 Volvo V70 keys are both loose. The part that goes into the ignition is flopping around. How can I make it sturdy again? Someday I'm afraid the key will break in the ignition.
December 29, 2015
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Replace the lock cylinder and keys with new. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
brokespoke Comments: I have a 2007 Volvo v70 with a broken ignition, closest dealer is 100 miles away and local mechanics say they can't fix it as it needs to be programed by a Volvo dealer? Does that seem correct?
October 26, 2015
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Mechanically anyone can replace the parts. Then it will need to be programmed by someone with a Volvo scan tool. A dealer or an independent with the tool can do it. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
habilis Comments: Fig. 8 refers to red arrow twice. I think the first time should be to green arrow, for electrical connector.

This is a very good article. Tell us what year and model was used for photos.
September 19, 2015
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: 1999 V70 base.

Thanks for catching the arrow typo. We appreciate it. I will have the article updated. - Nick at Pelican Parts
 

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