Volvo Parts Catalog Volvo Accessories Catalog Volvo Technical Articles Volvo Tech Forums
 
  Search our site:    
View Recent Cars  |   Cart  | Project List | Order Status | Help    
Bookmark and Share

Pelican Technical Article:

Changing Engine Oil

Nick Czerula

Time:

1 hour1 hr

Tab:

$100

Talent:

***

Tools:

17mm socket, oil filter wrench, floor jack, jack stands, wheel chocks, safety glasses, torque wrench

Applicable Models:

Volvo V70 (1998-01)
Volvo V70 2.4T (2001)
Volvo V70 AWD (1998-99)
Volvo V70 GLT (1998-00)
Volvo V70 GLT SE (2000)
Volvo V70 R (1998)
Volvo V70 R AWD (1999-00)
Volvo V70 T5 (1998-01)
Volvo V70 X/C (2001)
Volvo V70 X/C AWD (1998-00)
Volvo V70 X/C AWD SE (2000)

Parts Required:

Engine oil, oil filter, drain plug sealing washer

Hot Tip:

Work with a slightly warm engine

Performance Gain:

Maintaining engine longevity

Complementary Modification:

Change oil every 3,000 miles

Engine oil is the essential lubricant that maintains low friction among engine moving parts and additionally cools the engine. It is important to understand the role of oil viscosity in engine longevity.

A cold engine needs the oil to be low viscosity (thin) in order to circulate it. Low viscosity oil has the ability to remain as a low-friction layer between cold engine components. As the engine and oil heat up, it is important that the oil remain viscous instead of thinning out and losing its ability to maintain the lubricating layer. Modern engine oils are engineered to operate in a wide range of temperatures. Additives are used in both petroleum based and synthetic oils to maintain relatively stable viscosity through a range of temperatures.

Oils are designated with a standard scale of viscosity markers: low numbers such as 5W indicate low viscosity (thin) and high numbers such as 50W indicate high viscosity (thick). Modern multiviscosity oils are designated with a high and a low range. For example, 5W-50 indicates an oil that is as thin as 5W when cold but remains thick like 50W when hot.

For most of North America the climate is such that Volvo's API SJ, SJ/CF, SJ/EC, ACEA A1, ILSAC GF-2, 10W-30 is adequate nearly year round. However, for certain climate regions (extremely hot or extremely cold) or for sustained high-speed driving towing a trailer (for example) it may be necessary to consider oil with a more specialized viscosity range. Consult your owner's manual for the multiviscosity oil suited to your climate and vehicle use.

Remember that when your car was serviced before, parts may have been replaced with different size fasteners used in the replacement. The sizes of the nuts and bolts we give may be different from what you have, so be prepared with different size sockets and wrenches.

Protect your eyes, hands and body from fluids, dust and debris while working on your vehicle. If you're working with the electrical system, disconnect the battery before beginning. Always catch fluids in appropriate containers and properly dispose of any fluid waste. Recycle parts, packaging and fluids when possible. Never work on your vehicle if you feel the task is beyond your ability.

Our vehicle may vary slightly from yours as models do change and evolve, as they grow older. If something seems different, let us know and share your info to help other users. Do you have questions or want to add to the article? Leave a comment below. When leaving a comment, please leave your vehicle information.

In this article, I'll go over the steps involved with replacing the engine oil and filter on the Volvo V70 models. Be sure to work with a cool engine and have a drain pan with a capacity of at least 10 liters. You should replace your engine oil and filter every 3,000 miles. Changing your engine oil is one of the most frequent and basic tasks you will perform on your V70. Remember to use high quality oil that meets Volvo specifications (specifications can be found in your owner's manual), a high quality oil filter and keep yours engine protected with new and fresh engine oil.

Run the engine for two to three minutes to warm the engine oil. Do not allow the engine to get too hot.

Raise and support the front of the vehicle. See our tech article on jacking up the vehicle and securing the front of the car with jack stands.

To check your engine oil level, remove the dipstick (red arrow) and wipe it clean.
Figure 1

To check your engine oil level, remove the dipstick (red arrow) and wipe it clean. Reinsert it into the tube and remove it. You engine oil level should show up between the two yellow arrows in the crosshatch area. When changing your oil, start by removing the engine oil cap (green arrow).

Place the drain pan centered below the oil drain plug.
Figure 2

Place the drain pan centered below the oil drain plug. Using a 17mm wrench, remove the oil drain plug (green arrow). Allow the engine oil to drain until it stops dripping. Keep an eye on the oil as it drains. The stream of oil will move and there is a chance it will miss the drain pan. Install the oil drain plug with a new sealing washer and tighten it.

Move the drain pan beneath the oil filter.
Figure 3

Move the drain pan beneath the oil filter. Remove the oil filter from the engine using an oil filter wrench.

Clean the oil filter sealing surface.
Figure 4

Clean the oil filter sealing surface. Be sure the O-ring for the filter came off with the filter. If it did not, remove it from the sealing surface. Install and tighten the oil filter.

Removing the engine oil cap (green arrow), if it wasn't already removed.
Figure 5

Removing the engine oil cap (green arrow), if it wasn't already removed. Fill the engine with engine oil. The engine oil capacity is: 5.3 liters for normally-aspirated engines and 5.8 liters for turbocharged engines. Start the engine and confirm that the oil warning light goes out. Check the oil level. To check your engine oil level, remove the dipstick (red arrow) and wipe it clean. Reinsert it into the tube and remove it. You engine oil level should show up between the two yellow arrows in the crosshatch area.

Bookmark and Share

  Search our site:    

View Cart & CheckOut | Project List | Order Status |  Help    

 

[Home] [Customer Service] [Shopping Cart] [Project/Wish List]
  [Privacy Statement]  [Contact Us] [About Us] [Shipping] [Careers]

Copyright © Pelican Parts Inc. -    DMCA Registered Agent Contact Page

Page last updated: Fri 12/2/2016 02:47:54 AM