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Pelican Technical Article:

Starter Replacement

Steve Vernon

Time:

2 hours2 hrs

Tab:

$175

Talent:

**

Tools:

13mm, 16mm wrench, 8mm Allen

Applicable Models:

VW GTI (2006-09)

Parts Required:

New or rebuilt starter

Hot Tip:

Make sure you have disconnected the battery

Performance Gain:

Car cranks easily again

Complementary Modification:

Replace ground strap

If your starter is beginning to make clicking sounds and not starting the motor or it is not turning the motor over as easily as before it may be time to replace your starter before it leaves you stranded at the side of the road. Make sure to check the battery and connections before replacing your starter. If you remove the starter most local parts stores will load test it for you for free and some places can now perform the test with the starter still in the car. The replacement of the starter on the GTI Mark V involves working both below the car as well as in the engine compartment.

You will have to jack up and safely support the vehicle. Please see our article on jacking up and supporting your car.

Begin by opening the hood and having a look at the engine.
Figure 1

Begin by opening the hood and having a look at the engine. You will need to remove the engine cover (red arrow)

Remove the two clips from the turbo input tube (red arrows).
Figure 2

Remove the two clips from the turbo input tube (red arrows).

Separate the MAF wiring connector (red arrow) from the air box housing.
Figure 3

Separate the MAF wiring connector (red arrow) from the air box housing.

At the front left side of the engine compartment is the air intake.
Figure 4

At the front left side of the engine compartment is the air intake. There are two T20 Torx screws holding this to the airbox cover, (red arrow, one shown) remove these. Note our project car was missing the upper part of the housing.

There are four rubber grommets under the air box/cover holding it in place.
Figure 5

There are four rubber grommets under the air box/cover holding it in place. Grasp the lid by the four corners and wiggle and pull it up.

Disconnect the ground strap from the battery terminal (red arrow) and place the cable (yellow arrow) where it can not accidentally come in contact with the battery while working.
Figure 6

Disconnect the ground strap from the battery terminal (red arrow) and place the cable (yellow arrow) where it can not accidentally come in contact with the battery while working. The starter has a constant 12V lead attached to the terminal and you can cause severe damage to both the car and also yourself if you accidentally touch this terminal and some other grounded part without the battery being disconnected. Don't take any chances; make sure you disconnect the battery. I removed the battery to allow for betterPictures but you do not need to remove it to perform the work.

From the top of the motor you will be working on the mounting bolt (red arrow) and the solenoid electrical connections (yellow arrow).
Figure 7

From the top of the motor you will be working on the mounting bolt (red arrow) and the solenoid electrical connections (yellow arrow). I have removed the battery tray to get betterPictures but it is possible to perform this job without removing it.

Slide the switch on the solenoid wiring connection and unplug the connection (red arrow).
Figure 8

Slide the switch on the solenoid wiring connection and unplug the connection (red arrow).

With the connection off slide back the protective cover on the solenoid (yellow arrow), and use a 13mm wrench and remove the terminal 30 nut and strap (red arrow).
Figure 9

With the connection off slide back the protective cover on the solenoid (yellow arrow), and use a 13mm wrench and remove the terminal 30 nut and strap (red arrow).

Use an 8mm Allen and remove the upper bolt (red arrow).
Figure 10

Use an 8mm Allen and remove the upper bolt (red arrow).

Now you will need to under the vehicle.
Figure 11

Now you will need to under the vehicle. With the vehicle safely lifted and supported remove the lower engine tray (red arrow) and lower left side wheel liner (yellow arrow). Please see our article on under body tray removal for further assistance.

Working from under the car you will need to use a 16mm wrench and remove the lower mounting bolt (red arrow).
Figure 12

Working from under the car you will need to use a 16mm wrench and remove the lower mounting bolt (red arrow).

Our bolt was a two stage bolt even though there was nothing attached to the other end (red arrow).
Figure 13

Our bolt was a two stage bolt even though there was nothing attached to the other end (red arrow).

Move back to the top of the vehicle and remove the starter out from above (red arrow).
Figure 14

Move back to the top of the vehicle and remove the starter out from above (red arrow).

With the starter removed, check the mounting area (red arrow) for any dirt, corrosion or debris.
Figure 15

With the starter removed, check the mounting area (red arrow) for any dirt, corrosion or debris. You can also see into the fly wheel and starter ring area (yellow area). If you are having serious difficulties with the vehicle starting you may want to check the starter ring for damage. Installation is the reverse of removal.

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Comments and Suggestions:
Omega84 Comments: Thank you very much for this walkthrough! Like Martin, my car would randomly not start, like 1/10. The engine would crank but not start. Waited a few seconds and pumped a little gas and it would finally start. Happens so randomly. Anyway, now the car will not crank at all, even when a new battery was put in and car hooked up to jumper cables. I want to replace the started to see if it helps.
January 26, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: I can't help without knowing what is missing from the system when you are trying to start it. When your engine doesn’t start you’ll want to check the basics. Check spark, fuel injector pulse and fuel pressure, volume, quality and engine compression. Are there any fault codes? Once you figure out what is missing, it will be easier to diagnose.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
martin44 Comments: Hi Guys, I have a mk5 that would randomly not start, just turns the engine maybe once, or less. turn the key off and on and try again, and it starts, does it maybe 1 in 10. I replaced the starter motor with second hand one but it still happens. Does it still sound like the starter?
September 20, 2015
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Does the engine crank or no? If it doesn;t crank, check the start signal to the starter solenoid when the problem is present. If the signal is there and no crank, the starter may be bad. VOlatge drop test the cables also. - Nick at Pelican Parts  

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Page last updated: Tue 9/19/2017 02:44:58 AM