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Pelican Technical Article:

Starter Replacement

Steve Vernon

Time:

2 hours2 hrs

Tab:

$200

Talent:

**

Tools:

13mm, 18mm socket and extensions

Applicable Models:

VW Golf GTI (2000)
VW Golf GTI 1.8T (2002-05)
VW Golf GTI 20th Anniversary (2003)
VW Golf GTI 337 (2002)
VW Golf GTI GLS (2001)

Parts Required:

New or rebuilt starter

Hot Tip:

Make sure you have disconnected the battery

Performance Gain:

Car cranks easily again

Complementary Modification:

Replace ground strap

The replacement of the starter on the GTI Mark 4 involves working both below the car as well as in the engine compartment. If you car has the under trays removing the left side shield will make the job easier.

Begin by disconnecting the ground strap from the terminal on the battery and making sure it cannot accidentally come in contact with it while you are working on the car. The starter has a constant 12V lead attached to the terminal and you can cause severe damage to both the car and also yourself if you accidentally touch this terminal and some other grounded part without the battery being disconnected. Don't take any chances; make sure you disconnect the battery. I removed the battery to allow for better pictures but you do not need to remove it to perform the work.

You will have to jack up and safely support the vehicle. Please see our article on jacking up and supporting your car.

With the vehicle safely lifted and supported remove the lower engine tray. There are four T25 Torx bolts holding the tray on. If your car still has the left and right shields you really want to remove the left side shield to give you more room to work.

Begin by working from the top of the motor. The starter motor is located just to the left and below the battery. There is a plastic clip that holds several electrical cables that you will need to remove. Open the clip and move the cables out of the way, then slide the clip off the mount exposing access to the mount. The metal mount is held in place on the starter bolt and needs to be removed first before you can remove the starter bolt.

Move under the car and you will see the bracket that secures the power steering lines to the starter mounting bolt along with the terminal 50 harness and the terminal 30 connection.

Use a 13mm wrench or socket and remove the nut holding the power steering bracket on. Move the bracket out of the way.

Squeeze the connector together and remove the harness on the terminal 50 connection. Remove the cap for the terminal 30 connection and remove the 13mm nut connecting the battery positive cable.

Use a 13mm socket and extension and remove the nut holding the wiring bracket on the top of the starter. Slide the metal bracket off.

Move to the top of the vehicle and remove the 18mm bolt holding the starter on.

Move back under the car and remove the lower starter bolt. The bolts are extremely long, threaded on both ends and expensive. Take care not to loose one.

Remove the starter out of the bottom of the vehicle and inspect of damage.

Clean the mounting area and inspect the starter ring teeth for damage.

.

Installation is the reverse of removal

Begin by disconnecting the ground strap from the terminal on the battery (yellow arrow) and making sure it cannot accidentally come in contact with it while you are working on the car.
Figure 1

Begin by disconnecting the ground strap from the terminal on the battery (yellow arrow) and making sure it cannot accidentally come in contact with it while you are working on the car. The starter has a constant 12V lead attached to the terminal and you can cause severe damage to both the car and also yourself if you accidentally touch this terminal and some other grounded part without the battery being disconnected. Don't take any chances; make sure you disconnect the battery. I removed the battery to allow for betterPictures but you do not need to remove it to perform the work.

With the vehicle safely lifted and supported remove the lower engine tray.
Figure 2

With the vehicle safely lifted and supported remove the lower engine tray. There are four T25 Torx (red arrows) bolts holding the tray on.

If your car still has the left and right shields you really want to remove the left side shield to give you more room to work (red and yellow arrows).
Figure 3

If your car still has the left and right shields you really want to remove the left side shield to give you more room to work (red and yellow arrows).

Begin by working from the top of the motor.
Figure 4

Begin by working from the top of the motor. The starter motor (red arrow) is located just to the left and below the battery. There is a plastic clip (yellow arrow) that holds several electrical cables that you will need to remove.

Open the clip and move the cables (red arrows) out of the way, then slide the clip off the mount (yellow arrow) exposing access to the mount.
Figure 5

Open the clip and move the cables (red arrows) out of the way, then slide the clip off the mount (yellow arrow) exposing access to the mount. The metal mount is held in place on the starter bolt and needs to be removed first before you can remove the starter bolt.

Move under the car and you will see the bracket that secures the power steering lines to the starter (red arrow) mounting bolt along with the terminal 50 harness and the terminal 30 connection (yellow arrow).
Figure 6

Move under the car and you will see the bracket that secures the power steering lines to the starter (red arrow) mounting bolt along with the terminal 50 harness and the terminal 30 connection (yellow arrow).

Use a 13mm wrench or socket and remove the nut holding the power steering bracket on (red arrow).
Figure 7

Use a 13mm wrench or socket and remove the nut holding the power steering bracket on (red arrow). Move the bracket out of the way.

Squeeze the connector together (red arrows) and remove the harness on the terminal 50 connection.
Figure 8

Squeeze the connector together (red arrows) and remove the harness on the terminal 50 connection. Remove the cap for the terminal 30 connection (yellow arrow).

Remove the 13mm nut connecting the battery positive cable (red arrow).
Figure 9

Remove the 13mm nut connecting the battery positive cable (red arrow).

Use a 13mm socket and extension (red arrow) and remove the nut holding the wiring bracket on the top of the starter.
Figure 10

Use a 13mm socket and extension (red arrow) and remove the nut holding the wiring bracket on the top of the starter.

Slide the metal bracket off.
Figure 11

Slide the metal bracket off. This will give you access to the 18mm starter bolt (red arrow). Remove this bolt.

Move back under the car and remove the lower starter bolt.
Figure 12

Move back under the car and remove the lower starter bolt.

The bolts (red arrow) are extremely long, threaded on both ends and expensive.
Figure 13

The bolts (red arrow) are extremely long, threaded on both ends and expensive. Take care not to loose one.

Remove the starter out of the bottom of the vehicle and inspect of damage.
Figure 14

Remove the starter out of the bottom of the vehicle and inspect of damage.

Clean the mounting area (red arrow) and inspect the starter ring teeth for damage.
Figure 15

Clean the mounting area (red arrow) and inspect the starter ring teeth for damage.

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Page last updated: Wed 12/7/2016 02:35:00 AM