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Cooper Valvetronic Faults
 
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Pelican Technical Article:

Cooper Valvetronic Faults

Nick Czerula

Time:

1 hour1 hr

Tab:

$500

Talent:

**

Tools:

Scan tool

Applicable Models:

R52 MINI Cooper Convertible (2007-08)
R52 MINI Cooper S Convertible (2007-08)
R56 MINI Cooper Hatchback (2007-11)
R56 MINI Cooper S Hatchback (2007-11)
R57 MINI Cooper Convertible (2009-11)
R57 MINI Cooper S Convertible (2009-11)

Parts Required:

Valvetronic motor and seal

Hot Tip:

Work with a cool engine. Clear engine fault codes when done

Performance Gain:

Car will run well

Complementary Modification:

Replace engine air filter, inspect intake air ducts for cracks

MINI R56 model designations, 2007 - 2012:

R55 Clubman S

R56 Cooper S

R57 Cooper S Convertible

R58 Cooper S Coupe

R59 Cooper S Roadster

R60 Cooper S Countryman

Beginning with the production of the 2007 MINI R56, several of the models have been equipped with the Valvetronic intake system. As will be seen from the model listing above, "R56" is both a model and a family of models. Different MINI body configurations were given different R codes.

Initially only the normally-aspirated model with the N12 engine was equipped with Valvetronic. Beginning with 2011 models, both the N16 (normally-aspirated) and N18 (turbocharged) engine came with Valvetronic.

Valvetronic, or variable intake valve lift, is an intake system developed by BMW in order to increase engine efficiency and power and reduce CO2 emissions. The system uses a secondary eccentric shaft with cams. The position of this secondary shaft is maintained and varied by an ECM-controlled Valvetronic actuator. The intake camshaft operates a series of intermediate levers. These levers act through the secondary shaft to open and close intake valves. Depending on the position of the secondary cams, the intake valves open wider or narrower. Based on driver input, engine load and other variables, the ECM determines when and how far to open the intake valves.

This system eliminates the need for throttle housing and flap.

Faults

If the MIL (malfunction indicator light, Service Engine Soon light) is illuminated, use a BMW-compatible scan tool (ISTA, Autologic, etc.) to read fault codes stored in ECM memory. The following codes point toward Valvetronic problems:

2DCE "Not possible to adjust Valvetronic system and the environment related condition"

58A2 "Actual value of VVT eccentric angle is above 174 degrees"

2DCF "No movement detected in Valvetronic system"

Here are the steps recommended by the BMW Service Bulletin No. M12 07 12 [SI], June 2012:

If fault codes 2DCE and 58A2 are displayed, reprogram the vehicle using ISTA/P 2.30 or higher (integration level 1203500 or higher). Disregard fault code 2DCF at this time, and do not perform any further repairs related to this fault before programming.

If fault code 58A2 is not displayed, the procedure is still the same.

If the scan tool displays low battery voltage, connect the vehicle power supply (electronic charger). Note the displayed battery voltage reading in the repair order comments section.

Start the vehicle and allow the engine to idle for 1 minute. Then switch the engine off.

Using the scan tool, download fault codes.

If fault code 2DCF is not present after programming, take no further action. If code 2DCF is stored after the programming is complete, then the eccentric shaft (Valvetronic) actuator motor is at one of the end stop positions. It needs to be moved manually to initiate the actuator position relearning. Proceed to step 5.

Switch off the ignition.

Using a 4 mm Allen key, rotate the eccentric shaft actuator motor three turns. The actuator motor is installed at the top of the valve cover. Do not remove or replace the actuator motor.

After rotating the actuator shaft, reassemble the vehicle, switch on the ignition and start the engine. The Valvetronic position learning procedure starts automatically.

Turn off the engine and clear the fault memory.

Other common faults relate to an electric motor failure. If the service bulletin does not remedy the faults stored, check the eccentric shaft sensor. If full of oil, replace the sensor. If not, check operation using a MINI scan tool. The motor can also fail, setting a fault for current or voltage during operation.

Beginning with the production of 2007 MINI R56, several of the models have been equipped with Valvetronic intake system.
Figure 1

Beginning with the production of 2007 MINI R56, several of the models have been equipped with Valvetronic intake system. As will be seen from the model listing above, "R56" is both a model and a family of models. Different MINI body configurations were given different R codes. Initially only the normally-aspirated model with N12 engine was equipped with Valvetronic. Beginning with 2011 models, both the N16 (normally-aspirated) and N18 (turbocharged) engine came with Valvetronic. The engine shown is an N12 normally-aspirated engine. The Valvetronic motor (red arrow) is located at the left rear of the cylinder head, below the intake manifold.

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Comments and Suggestions:
holmsey Comments: Hi on my Daughters Mini we have replaced the timing chain, vanos solenoids and the cam sensors. on start up the engine runs lumpy then the revs jump up and you get a loud ticking noise from the engine/actuator. Turn off and re start exactly the same. we have turned the allen key at back but no difference. Any ideas?
October 25, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: What fault codes are stored? - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Justin Comments: Hey nick, yet another follow up question. Your last reply to my question was could be the esentric shaft sensor. I just replaced that as well. Unfortunately no change. Car will start, idle will fluctuate then smooth out. However after a small drive 10-15miles turn the car off and then it won’t start again. Just cranks, acts like it wants to fire... just won’t start. Could it be the actual esentric shaft? From what I’ve read it’s rare, but the car does have 171k on it. Vavletronic motor, vanos, PCV system, cam shaft sensor, esentric shaft sensor, and spark plugs all replaced. Less then 500 miles ago. I’m at a loss with this car. Thanks in advance.
October 25, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Yes, it can. if there is a fault for shaft position.

I would start from scratch here. When trying to start engine, check spark, fuel injector pulse and fuel pressure, volume, quality and engine compression. - Nick at Pelican Parts
 
Kenny Comments: Hi i have a 2013 mini 1.6 n16
Im getting 286c valvotronic supply
2863 valvltronic power limitation
28b4 valvotronic aliggish movement
2847 valvotronic electric

Sdid a service cleaned selonoid still no different plz help
October 5, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Solenoid won't help those. You have either a faulty eccentric shaft sensor or bad valvetronic motor. Give The Pelican Parts parts specialists a call at 1-888-280-7799. They can figure out what part or repair kit you need.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
Kev Comments: I have a R56 1.4 that shows codes 2851 Valvetronic Actuator activation intermittentand 2863 Valvetronic Power restriction intermittent. Any ideas? Could this be the oil ingress into a switch? Thanks
October 1, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: This sounds more like an issue with the Valvetronic motor. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
holmsey Comments: hi my daughter has a R56 N12 mini and we changed the timing chain and guides, the Vanos solenoids and one of the cam sensors. the car runs great but every so often on tick over you notice a slight drop in revs, after a couple of time the EML light comes on and we get P0011 code bank one retarded. Any ideas..could it be the actuator...
thanks
September 27, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: It could be the camshaft actuator. It could be jamming. Confirm mechanical timing is OK. If so, the actuator may be at fault. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Justin Comments: Follow up to my last question.. replaced the valvetronic motor with a new one. Made sure everything is in place exactly like it was. Took it to mini, they are claiming the valvetronic motor was faulty. Replaced it again, and still getting p105c . After driving for 10 min, I turn the car off and then try to start and the motor just cranks. Never fires. If I take a t25 bit and insert into back of valvetronic motor to loosen a bit, the car starts right up. No way I get 2 defective valvetronic motors. I have to be missing something.
September 17, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Was the eccentric shaft sensor checked? - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Justin Comments: Hey nick, have an 07 mini base n12b motor. Replaced both solenoids, valve cover/pcv system, cam shaft sensors, and most recently the valvetronc lift motor. Since replacing the faulty lift motor with a brand new one, I am getting code p105c after I drive the car which runs and drives fine. Any ideas? Thanks in advance!
August 14, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: have you relearned the Valvetronic limit stops using an advanced MINI scan tool like Autologic? - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Steve Comments: Hello Nick- follow up to my issue..i put in the same r56 valvetronic motor on my mini and had the same issues.... i put my vlavetronic back in, made adjustment and mini drove with power, shifting no issues...but after 30 minutes of driving same issue..lose power and car will not go. any other ideas?
July 11, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Did you set the limit adaptation? - Nick at Pelican Parts  
RJ Comments: Hello
I have a 09 Cooper R56 N12. Replaced valvetronic motor, cam sols both, esentric sol. Code 2868 10344 won,t clear. Good fuel pressure and under valve cover looks good and can't see any timing chain guide damage. Has 94,000. Any thoughts? Hope it's not the timing chain. Will an update stop it from starting? Will the DME relay and valvetronic relay stop it from starting also? Thanks for your interest.
June 1, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: if you suspect timing, check engine compression. What is it on all cylinders? Here is a great video on how to test compression:

https://vimeo.com/208371361

- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
Steve Comments: Hello Nick- I removed valvetronic motor from my 2008 r56, my friend has a 2009 r56. Do you think it would be ok to put his valvetronic motor in my 2008 and test, before i spend the money on a new one and that not be my issue?
June 1, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Only if the part numbers are exactly the same. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
steve Comments: hello i have a 2008 mini cooper r56. i am stuck in limp mode, used a bmw/mini scanner and get fault codes:28B4 SME:Valvetronic servomotor, sluggish movement. i changed spark plugs, did replace a bad coil, cleaned both solenoids,oil looks clean...i am stuck not sure what else to do..any advice would be much appreciated. thank you.
May 23, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: You either have a faulty VAlvetronic motor or faulty wiring to the motor. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Chris Comments: Please can you help me on a mini Cooper s 1.6 2011 R55 turbo for fault codes
31E9
2DDE
2A3F
2DEO
March 27, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: I would recommend getting a 1 day subscription to MINITIS.com there you can find the fault diagnostics specific to your vehicle. - Casey at Pelican Parts  
Ghost mini Comments: I have a 2009 Mini Cooper base with p0014 code have changed both vanished selanoids and both cam sensors and still have the same code after clearing multiple times please help
March 23, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Verify that your oil level is topped up to MAX, and also that your oil is fresh. Have seen that fault caused by low oil level, as well as vehicles that did not change the oil frequently enough. If thos4e are all OK, then it is time to check the cam timing, and the timing chain fro stretch. - Casey at Pelican Parts  
rich Comments: forgot to say these fault codes only kick in at around 2000 rpm. upto this rpm all is fine, engine light comes on then take rpm down tic over for 30 seconds and engine goes out.
February 8, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: See response to your other question. - Casey at Pelican Parts  
Rich Comments: Hi i have a mini one uk 2007 1.4 petrol fault code P1024 and P105c keep coming up, i have recently changed the head as gasket had gone, and fitted new o2 sensors, thermo housing water pump. i moved the VVT motor from the old head head to the new one. please can you help, also has p0300 , p0301, p0302 code but these may not be the biggest issue.
February 8, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: I believe that VVT and Valvetronic are two separate issues. This fault I believe relates to the VANOS solenoids. If possible swap the intake and exhaust solenoids, clear the faults and see if the fault changes. - Casey at Pelican Parts  
supered Comments: i have a that 010 mini that has three engine codes 2845 2781 and 277d codes need help
January 26, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Are these P-codes? - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Hackney992 Comments: My R56 cooper s is running an engine light and reduced power. Error code read 2089 air intake solenoid valve. Are you able to shed any light on this? Had previous error codes due to bad battery which led to engine light - these cleared once battery was replaced.
January 6, 2017
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: The article you commented on may help. If not this one surely will:

http://www.pelicanparts.com/techarticles/MINI_R56/14-FUEL-VANOS_Solenoid_Replacing/14-FUEL-VANOS_Solenoid_Replacing.htm

- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
Dennis M. Comments: Nick,

Have a 2010 Mini Cooper issuing 2856 and 285A fault codes on a scanner and they are showing descriptions "Valvetronic eccentric shaft sensor guide" and "Valvetronic eccentric shaft sensor reference" respectively. Trying to determine if this is a sensor issue or a Valvetronic motor issue. Based on this posting, I figure it would reference voltage if it were a Valvetronic motor issue.

Thanks,

Dennis M.
July 18, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Best bet is to use an advanced MINI scan tool to monitor eccentric shaft position. With that data, you can see if the shaft is moving and the signal is being lost, reverting to a default reading. The sensors are more common. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Pilgrim Comments: I read the 2DCE code on my daughter's 2011 R56 with N18 engine, but did not find any of the other codes mentioned here. I did find 2F76 and 2F7C codes.

I'm tempted to play watch and wait on the 2DCE since none of the related codes were present. The other codes deal with "super knocking" which I am still researching.

Any advice?
April 29, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: I would see if you have the latest DME software for the 2DCE. Superknock is a high knock count. The engine mixture is detonating. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
jonny Comments: What is meant by 'reprogram the vehicle using ISTA/P 2.30 or higher'? Does this mean relearn the limit stops or to update the module software?
Thanks I have MCS n18 engine
April 5, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: That means update the DME software with that version or ISTA or higher. - Nick at Pelican Parts  

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Page last updated: Sun 11/19/2017 02:54:50 AM