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Manual Transmission Fluid Replacement
 
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Pelican Technical Article:

Manual Transmission Fluid Replacement

Nick Czerula

Time:

1 hour1 hr

Tab:

$60

Talent:

**

Tools:

Fluid pump, 8mm Allen socket, drain pan, floor jack, jack stands, wheel chocks, safety glasses, torque wrench

Applicable Models:

R56 MINI Cooper Hatchback (2007-13)
R56 MINI Cooper S Hatchback (2007-13)

Parts Required:

Manual transmission fluid, fill and drain plugs

Hot Tip:

Warm fluid before removing

Performance Gain:

Extend life of gearbox

Complementary Modification:

Replace drain and fill plugs with new

MINI R56 models were equipped with a few different manual transmissions. Please see the table below. The two 6-speed manual transmissions available in R56 MINIs are manufactured by Getrag. The G253 and G253 are both utilized, and vary slightly in design, noticeable in the transmission shaft end casings.

When servicing your fluid, check the label on the transmission that identifies the fluid your transmission requires. If you have any doubt, give our parts specialists a call. They can help you figure out which fluid is right for your transmission. There are many options for replacement fluid. Choose the best you can afford and be sure it meets MINI's current specifications for your vehicle. You will also want to replace your fluid if you have repaired a leak.

R56 Manual Transmission Types

Cooper, Clubman, Convertible

Getrag G255

MTF-LT4 Fluid

1.7 liters

Cooper S, Clubman S, Convertible S, John Cooper Works

Getrag G253

MTF-LT4 Fluid

1.9 liters

All of the R56 manual transmissions require about 2 Liters of fluid. I suggest having 3 liters on hand, in case you spill some.

Keep in mind that when your car was serviced before, parts may have been replaced with different size fasteners used in the replacement. The sizes of the nuts and bolts we give may be different from what you have, so be prepared with different size sockets and wrenches.

Protect your eyes, hands and body from fluids, dust and debris while working on your vehicle. If you're working with the electrical system, disconnect the battery before beginning. Always catch fluids in appropriate containers and properly dispose of any fluid waste. Recycle parts, packaging and fluids when possible. Do not work on your vehicle if you feel the task is beyond your ability.

Vehicle models change and evolve, as they grow older, so the vehicle shown in our illustrations may vary slightly from yours. If something seems different, let us know and share your info to help other users. Do you have questions or want to add to the article? Leave a comment below. When leaving a comment, please leave your vehicle information.

Jack up all four corners of your vehicle. I suggest using four jack stands and slowly raising the vehicle to the required height. The vehicle needs to be level when checking and replacing fluid. Remove the splash shield. See our tech article on engine splash shield removal. Also consult the article on safely raising your vehicle. Whenever you work under your car, wear safety glasses.

Working at the right side of the transmission, remove the 8mm Allen fill plug (red arrow).
Figure 1

Working at the right side of the transmission, remove the 8mm Allen fill plug (red arrow). The fill plug can be tight. Use a ratchet with a long handle or a breaker bar if you cannot get it loose. Be sure your Allen bit is fully seated in the fill and drain plugs. This will prevent accidental stripping. Next you will remove the drain plug (blue arrow).

Place a drain pan (red arrow) under the transmission and remove the 8mm Allen fluid drain plug (inset).
Figure 2

Place a drain pan (red arrow) under the transmission and remove the 8mm Allen fluid drain plug (inset). Be sure your drain pan has a capacity of at least four liters. Once the fluid has drained, reinstall and tighten the drain plug. MINI suggests replacing the drain and fill plugs due to integrated seals.

Working at the right side of the transmission, remove the 8mm Allen fill plug (red arrow).
Figure 3

Working at the right side of the transmission, remove the 8mm Allen fill plug (red arrow). The fill plug (inset) can be tight. Use a ratchet with a long handle or a breaker bar if you cannot get it loose. Be sure your Allen bit is fully seated in the fill and drain plugs. This will prevent accidental stripping.

Using a fluid pump (blue arrow), fill the transmission until fluid flows out of the fill plug hole (red arrow).
Figure 4

Using a fluid pump (blue arrow), fill the transmission until fluid flows out of the fill plug hole (red arrow). Then allow the fluid to run out until it flows out slowly from the bottom of the hole. Replace the fill plug if the seal is worn, as it is integrated into the plug. Install the fill plug and tighten. Torques specs are as follows: 43 Nm (32 ft-lb).

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Comments and Suggestions:
Bryson Comments: Tip: Open the fill plug before touching the drain plug. If you can't open the fill plug for some reason, but you already opened the drain plug and emptied the fluid, you're screwed.

Also, I had a problem where some "sediment" drained onto the threads of the drain plug. When I tried to screw the plug back in it was fairly difficult and I could hear the grime being run through the threads. Once I cleaned it out with a toothbrush it went in with no effort.
August 18, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Thanks for the additional info and feedback. We appreciate it.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 

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