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Jacking Up Your Vehicle
 
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Pelican Technical Article:

Jacking Up Your Vehicle

Nick Czerula

Time:

30 minutes30 mins

Tab:

$0 to $200

Talent:

**

Tools:

Floor jack, jack stands, wheel chocks

Applicable Models:

BMW X5 (2000-06)

Parts Required:

Jack pads

Hot Tip:

Work on a solid level surface

Performance Gain:

Ability to service components beneath vehicle.

Complementary Modification:

Replace missing or broken jack pads

Jacking and supporting your BMW E53 X5 off the ground is required for many maintenance and repair tasks. A common but not so difficult job, still creates a bit of anxiousness in the mind of the experienced mechanic as well as the amateur. A repeatable process with safety in mind can ease the nerves. For example, always work on level solid ground. Use tools you trust and never rush the job. Remember to block the wheels to prevent unwanted vehicle movement. Use a good quality jack and jack stands and don't be afraid to add an additional jack stand or support under the vehicle.

When jacking the front of your vehicle, place the transmission in Park and apply the parking brake, along with blocking the wheels with a chock. When jacking the rear of your vehicle, you do not have the transmission or parking brake to hold the rear wheels still. Use wheel chocks on the right and left front wheels, (in front and behind tire).

BMW X5 models have four solid plastic jacking pads, slightly behind the front wheels and slightly in front of the rear wheels (green arrows).
Figure 1

BMW X5 models have four solid plastic jacking pads, slightly behind the front wheels and slightly in front of the rear wheels (green arrows).

The jack pads are designed to support the vehicle from below when using a hoist, hydraulic jack, or when changing a tire in an emergency situation.
Figure 2

The jack pads are designed to support the vehicle from below when using a hoist, hydraulic jack, or when changing a tire in an emergency situation. This is where you will place a jack stand to support the vehicle when working with the vehicle raised (green arrows).

If a jack pad is missing, replace it before jacking the vehicle, otherwise body damage can occur.
Figure 3

If a jack pad is missing, replace it before jacking the vehicle, otherwise body damage can occur. This photo shows a jack pad area with a missing jack pad. The jack pad (yellow arrow) snaps into a hole (green arrow) in the body.

To replace an existing jack pad, lever the jack pad out of the body.
Figure 4

To replace an existing jack pad, lever the jack pad out of the body. If a jack pad is missing, push the new jack pad into the body until it snaps into place and is flush. Then install the center rivet (green arrow) using a soft-faced hammer.

To jack the vehicle, park the vehicle on level solid ground.
Figure 5

To jack the vehicle, park the vehicle on level solid ground. If removing a wheel, loosen the wheel studs before jacking the vehicle. Install wheel chocks to block the wheels that are not being jacked. This will help to keep the vehicle from unexpectedly rolling. Do not assume the parking brake or transmission will hold the vehicle. Wheel chocks are a must. When jacking the front of the vehicle, block the rear wheels, then jack from the center square support (green arrows) on the front subframe. The main photo shows the square support with the engine splash shield and reinforcement plate removed. The inset with the green arrow shows the square support with the engine splash shield and reinforcement plate installed. When jacking from this center support, it allows both wheels to be raised at the same time and provides the best jacking area. When jacking the rear of the vehicle, block the front wheels. Then jack on either the center of the rear differential (yellow arrow) or the rear subframe (green arrow). This area allows the entire rear of the vehicle to be jacked at the same time, and provides a good jacking surface. There are other areas that look tempting in the rear, for example the rear control arm support (red arrow) and the side of the subframe (blue arrow). The problem with the control arm support, as the vehicle is raised, the control arm will come in contact with the jack and you are only raising one corner of the vehicle. When jacking at the side of the subframe, there is no room to place a jack stand once the vehicle is raised. If you are unsure of using the suggested jacking points, I suggest checking you owner's manual and the most current BMW repair information.

Jacking front of vehicle: When using a hydraulic floor jack to lift front of vehicle, place hydraulic floor jack under the square subframe support (green arrow).
Figure 6

Jacking front of vehicle: When using a hydraulic floor jack to lift front of vehicle, place hydraulic floor jack under the square subframe support (green arrow). Raise vehicle slowly while monitoring jack and vehicle position. Once you reach desired height, install jack stands at jack pad locations to support the vehicle. Slowly lower vehicle onto jack stands until full vehicle weight is supported. Check that jack stand is not tilting or moving when vehicle is lowered. When lowering your vehicle, raise off jack stands, remove jack stands from beneath vehicle and slowly lower vehicle to ground. Make sure all tools and parts are clear before lowering your vehicle.

Jacking rear of vehicle: When using a hydraulic floor jack to lift front of vehicle, place hydraulic floor jack under the rear differential (green arrow).
Figure 7

Jacking rear of vehicle: When using a hydraulic floor jack to lift front of vehicle, place hydraulic floor jack under the rear differential (green arrow). Raise vehicle slowly while monitoring jack and vehicle position. Once you reach desired height, install jack stands at jack pad locations to support the vehicle. Slowly lower vehicle onto jack stands until full vehicle weight is supported. Check that jack stand is not tilting or moving when vehicle is lowered. When lowering your vehicle, raise off jack stands, remove jack stands from beneath vehicle and slowly lower vehicle to ground. Make sure all tools and parts are clear before lowering your vehicle.

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Page last updated: Fri 12/9/2016 02:40:31 AM