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Pelican Technical Article:

Replacing Your Starter

Nick Czerula

Time:

3 hours3 hrs

Tab:

$300

Talent:

****

Tools:

Set of sockets, wrenches, screwdrivers, E12 socket (external Torx)

Applicable Models:

BMW 323Ci Coupe/Conv (1999-00)
BMW 323i Sedan/Wagon (1999-00)
BMW 325Ci Coupe/Conv (2001-06)
BMW 325i/xi Sedan/Wagon (2001-06)
BMW 328Ci Coupe (1999-00)
BMW 328i Sedan (1999-00)
BMW 330Ci Coupe/Conv (2001-06)
BMW 330i/xi Sedan (2001-06)

Parts Required:

Starter motor

Hot Tip:

Work with a cool engine

Performance Gain:

Reliable and working starter

Complementary Modification:

Replace battery

When a starter motor fails your engine will not start. You may turn the key and attempt to crank the engine but nothing happens. Or, you might get a couple audible clicks. It is important to be sure that your battery is fully charged and in good condition and that the battery terminals, positive connections and ground cables are tight and corrosion-free before condemning your starter. 

Another cause of a no-start condition could be failure of the electronic immobilizer system. If the ignition key does not communicate with the immobilizer or one of the electronic modules responsible for granting access to the starting system fails, you may have a situation which mimics a failed starter. To test the starter itself, you need to make sure that full battery current is available at the main starter terminal (B+) and that battery current is switched on at the small starter terminal when the ignition switch is engaged. If electrical current is not available at either of those terminals, then the no-start condition is caused by an electrical or electronic failure and not necessarily by the starter motor.

The BMW E46 6-cylinder engine starter motor is located on the left side of the engine below the intake manifold. It is not the easiest part to access on your BMW and can be replaced a few different ways. On most rear wheel drive manual transmission models, you can access the starter from below. On rear wheel drive automatic transmission models, you can access it from below but there's limited workspace. On all-wheel drive models, the sub frame has to be lowered to access the starter from below, so I prefer to pull the intake manifold. 

You should be aware that in all 6-cylinder models you can pull the intake manifold out of the way to replace the starter. You have much better access and can avoid lying on your back for hours. 

Keep in mind that when your car was serviced before, parts may have been replaced with different size fasteners used in the replacement. The sizes of the nuts and bolts we give may be different from what you have, so be prepared with different size sockets and wrenches. 

Protect your eyes, hands and body from fluids, dust and debris while working on your vehicle. If you're working with the electrical system, disconnect the battery before beginning. Always catch fluids in appropriate containers and properly dispose of any fluid waste. Recycle parts, packaging and fluids when possible. Do not work on your vehicle if you feel the task is beyond your ability. 

Vehicle models change and evolve, as they grow older, so the vehicle shown in our illustrations may vary slightly from yours. If something seems different, let us know and share your info to help other users. Do you have questions or want to add to the article? Leave a comment below. When leaving a comment, please leave your vehicle information.

In this article, I am going to illustrate how to replace your E46 starter from below on a rear-wheel drive model. The following photos show the intake manifold removed for clarity. If you want to remove your intake manifold to ease access, see our Pelican Parts technical article on Removing the Intake Manifold.

To begin, raise and support the vehicle safely. See our Pelican Parts technical article on Jacking Up Your BMW. Remove the engine splash shield and reinforcement plate or tubular brace (depending on vehicle equipment). Disconnect the negative (-) battery cable.

Working at the driver's side, below the vehicle, remove the fuel filter cover and detach the fuel lines and wiring harness from the mounting brackets.

Working at the back of starter, remove the 13mm battery positive (+) cable nut (green arrow).
Figure 1

Working at the back of starter, remove the 13mm battery positive (+) cable nut (green arrow).

Then remove 8mm and 10mm nuts for starter electrical connection (green arrows).
Figure 2

Then remove 8mm and 10mm nuts for starter electrical connection (green arrows). Then the remove wires from the starter.

Next, you have to remove the starter bolts.
Figure 3

Next, you have to remove the starter bolts. The bolt heads are E12 (external Torx). This photo shows the bolts, looking down from firewall area (intake manifold removed).

You can access the bolts by unbolting the transmission mount and lowering the transmission.
Figure 4

You can access the bolts by unbolting the transmission mount and lowering the transmission. Remove the 10mm nut on heat shield and move the heat shield aside (you do not have to remove it from body).

Next, place a jack under the transmission mount.
Figure 5

Next, place a jack under the transmission mount. Remove the four 13mm transmission mount fasteners. Then slowly lower the transmission about 3 inches. Using a 24Â" extension, universal joint and an E12 socket, reach up from below on the left side of the transmission and remove the starter fasteners. Remove the starter from the engine by rotating it counterclockwise and in a downward direction.

If starter doesnÂ't come out, the dowel pin may be corroded and stuck in transmission (green arrow).
Figure 6

If starter doesnÂ't come out, the dowel pin may be corroded and stuck in transmission (green arrow).

If you run into this issue, you can drive the dowel pin out using a 10mm punch and small hammer.
Figure 7

If you run into this issue, you can drive the dowel pin out using a 10mm punch and small hammer. A new starter should come with a dowel pin installed, if not, transfer the old one over to the new starter. You cannot access the alignment pin from above without the intake manifold removed. To remove from below, put your punch into a deep socket installed on a 24Â" extension - align it with the pin and drive out from below, through the same access area used to remove starter bolts.

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Comments and Suggestions:
reece Comments: is this the same s an 2001 e46 320d bmw. finding it hard to find anything on the interet about where the starter is located, thanks
October 25, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: We don't have E46 diesel engines in the US, I don't have info to check with. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Jeff Comments: My last comment was for a 325i RWD Automatic.
I used E12, 8MM, 10MM, Screwdriver, and I don't remember the size of the bolts on the bottom skid plate. Not sure if I even needed to take that off. I just took it off first just in case...
October 11, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Thanks again. Great info! - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Jeff Comments: The worse part is actually getting the starter unbolted from the bell housing.

You can do it without taking off the manifold.
* Remove the cabin filter and housing get as much room as you can behind that manifold.
* Remove the part that holds the filter housing to the firewall.
* Remove the Intake air filter housing, and as much of the rubber intake boot as possible for pulling the start out from top.
* Access one of the E12 bolts from the top with a long e12 wrench.
* Access the other from the bottom with an E12 socket and some long extensions. A pneumatic wrench helps make the job go a little faster.

The rest is easy just wire removal, and maneuvering the start out.

Oh, and you may have to pry off the old starter with a screwdriver. I broke the old starter's metal housing around the guide pin. Glad I didn't break the bell housing. The new starter slid on with no problem.

It would be good the have a friend to help you maneuver the starter out, and to hold it in place while you re-attach the bolts. Also, you don't have to remove the bolts from the bell housing once they're freed from the starter. Leave them in the bell housing if possible.
October 11, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Thanks for sharing your installation process and experience. These type of comments add so much to the Pelican tech community.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
Jay Comments: I've pulled out my starter before on a 2005 325I from the top of the car but I couldn't get the two starter bolts in securely because of the limited space. I can't get the tool inbetween the firewall and the bolts. I don't know what else I need to take out so I can tighten my starter all the way. What is the easiest way?
September 6, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: I would suggest using a long extension from below. That is your best bet for tightening. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
NELSON Comments: hi,

i've got a problem with my BMW 330Ci, its run really well but all the suddenit wont start its flat no crank nothing, i though was the battery bought brand new battery well fitted by still not start, everything are ok, radio working lights workind dash board working, AAA came and check it up the guy said it may be a stater moter, have got no knowledge with cars. any help
September 5, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: If you suspect the starter, check the battery cable to the starter, it should have battery voltage. Then monitor the start signal from the ignition switch to the starter solenoid. If present, the starter is likely faulty. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
David B Comments: To change the starter on a 2005 E46 M3 with manual transmission, can it be done from below I have a lift without lowering transmission? Is it easier to remove intake manifold & go from above?
August 19, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Easier from above, once you remove the intake plenum. This tech article is similar to your vehicle:

http://www.pelicanparts.com/techarticles/BMW_Z4M/31-ENGINE-S54_6_Cylinder_Starter_Replacement/31-ENGINE-S54_6_Cylinder_Starter_Replacement.htm - Nick at Pelican Parts
 
Johnny Comments: What tools use to take out starter blots/screw in 2005 325xi E46 what tools will work on starter blots so starter come out.
August 14, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Set of sockets, wrenches, screwdrivers, E12 socket (external Torx) - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Martin Comments: Well I hit mine a few times last night and it started right up so ill be taking it apart tonight... Wish me luck!
August 9, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Hitting starter motors was not a good idea when they used permanent magnets, now with electromagnets damage can occur quite easily. You are better off testing the signals mentioned earlier to be sure, rather than taking the chance damaging the starter. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Nat Comments: My 2003 BMW 325i doesn't start. It was fine Saturday,but when I got up Sunday it wouldn't start.
August 9, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: I can't help without knowing what is missing from the system when you are trying to start it. When your engine doesn’t start you’ll want to check the basics. Check spark, fuel injector pulse and fuel pressure, volume, quality and engine compression. Are there any fault codes? Once you figure out what is missing, it will be easier to diagnose.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
Martin Comments: My car has done this to me twice now in 2 months. I go to turn it on and the fuel pump comes on all the dash lights work battery has a good charge and I turn it and nothing but a faint click in the engine compartment. Last time it did it about 5 days passed and it miraculously started again. Does this sound like the starter?
August 8, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: It could be. Double check for good power, ground and start signal to the starter when the problem is present. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
flashy Comments: Hi does the starter for a e34 535i have a built in relay or is it external
August 1, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: The starter has a solenoid attached. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
RyanDP Comments: Hi, well i did a voltage test on the ignition wire at the starter and it was getting 12.5 volts when attempting to start. This would remove the neutral safety switch possibility right? I guess my next step is to remove starter and hope that is where the problem lies...correct. Starting on it now, I hope that is the issue but please let me know if I am mistaken. Thanks guys!
July 26, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Yes. The starter sounds like the culprit. Give The Pelican Parts parts specialists a call at 1-888-280-7799. They can figure out what part or repair kit you need.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
flashy Comments: Hi the car does not crank at all as if there is no current between the ignition and starter
July 24, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Check if the starter solenoid has good power and the main large terminal, voltage drop test it. Voltage drop test the engine and battery ground as well. Then check if the solenoid is getting the signal to start. if it is, the starter is faulty. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
RyanDP Comments: Hi there, I've been reading your articles and ordering your parts for a long time now and they always help. My question is this: I have a 2003 325i that decided not to start suddenly a few days back. Everything came on fine, just no click or crank. Occasionally my shifter would even get stuck. I finally got it started by moving the shifter through the gears a few times. So far I have checked the battery and it's good, about to check the signal as soon as I find someone to turn the key. Is it possible I am having issues with EWS or neutral safety switch..? Or could this still be the starter?
July 24, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Sounds like the neutral safety or trans range switch. If it won't shift, it not start be due to the incorrect gear seen. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
flashy Comments: Hi i'v a e34 535 that starts perfectly when cold but driven for about 30 min it refuses to turn over, the ignition lights are on every thing seems normal,as soon as the car cools down it will start as per norm any thoughts

Kindest regards

Creslyn
July 17, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Turn over as in crank or cranks and doesn't start? - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Dennis-B Comments: Hi. I have a 2000 328i that has an intermittent no-start issue. The typical symptom is a clicking sound while attempting to start the car. The batteryBosch is about 6 weeks old and has been tested to be in very good condition. Do you think this is a starter-motor issue or battery cable corrosion or something worse? Thank you.
June 10, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Could be the starter. Only way to know is to test voltage to the starter. Check for the star signal, also voltage drop test the battery cables. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
JON Comments: LOOKING FOR THE BATTERY LOCATION ON A 2005 325CI
May 30, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: See this article:

http://www.pelicanparts.com/BMW/techarticles/BMW-3-Series-E46/03-BASICS-Battery_Connection_Notes_and_Replacement/03-BASICS-Battery_Connection_Notes_and_Replacement.htm - Nick at Pelican Parts
 
PrinnyT Comments: It would crank a few times then it would just click.
May 9, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Sounds like a low battery. I would check voltage to the starter and voltage drop test the battery cables. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
PrinnyT Comments: Hello, my 2000 323I would start fine in the morning, but when I turned the car off and try to restart, It would not start. It would take up to 15 min to start after trying every few minutes. I replaced the battery with no change to issue. I removed the starter and took it in to be tested and it passed. I'd like to find and fix the cause before I put everything back together if not the starter. Any suggestions or insight would be greatly appreciated.
April 27, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Was it cranking or nothing when you turned the key? - Nick at Pelican Parts  
raf671 Comments: Hi removed the starter from a 325I 2004 and the shop did a rebuild kit or something like that and after I stalling it it doesn't work now. But it spins and kicks out and doesn't contact the flywheel. I'm assuming he changed out parts with the wrong size. Do you know the measurements to check if he put the wrong parts on?
April 21, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: I don't have info for rebuilding the starter. It is replaced as a unit.

Give our parts specialists a call at 1-888-280-7799. They can figure out what part or repair kit you need.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
joe Comments: hi there, love these articles, love saving money. this will be my biggest job to date, so i have a question before i start, because i dont understand something in step 5. lower transmission appx 4 inches. question is this, in my mind the motor is bolted to the car frame, the transmission is bolted to the motor, how can it flex down 4 inches with out bending something ??? i dont get it, it sounds like im stressing something
March 22, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: The mounts will flex enough to allow the tip of the trans to dip down. Since the trans is so far from the front mounts, a small movement up front multiplies the movement in the rear. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Revanit123 Comments: Hello there! So what I have happening is that when I attempt to start the vehicle I get a stalled out sound. It will try to turn over and after many many tries it will work. I just replaced the battery and no error codes are popping on the start up system. Where there are codes is that the air banKS are too lean. Could this lead to my vehicle struggling to start? 2004 e46 330ci Convert.
January 15, 2016
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: You could have a major vacuum leak or a faulty fuel pump.
When your engine doesn’t start you’ll want to check the basics. Check spark, fuel injector pulse and fuel pressure, volume, quality and engine compression. Are there any fault codes? Once you figure out what is missing, it will be easier to diagnose.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
Acquaviva Comments: Good Morning, I need your help. I have a E46 325i 2006, but the engine do not work correctly untill the temp increase more than 1/4. Untill this, i need start and accelerate a lot of times to pass this temp, because after start and accelerate the engine shutdown. After this, the motor work so better, without problems and not shutdown more.
December 1, 2015
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Could be an issue with the fuel pump. I would perform a fuel delivery system test. Check fuel pressure, volume and quality.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
BeleM3 Comments: Hello..I need some help with my M3 e46 2004.It won't start and barely hearing any cranks.. I had same problem last year and couldn't start until end of spring when gets warmer.Same thing happens again.. There is 2 codes whwn I scanned while car was off.Se40 and Se5c indicated steering angel sensor..is starter gone?or something else..Please let me know.Thanks
November 23, 2015
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: If not turning over, I would perform a starting system test. Check battery cable voltage drop and the signal to the starter. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
sconi Comments: Very informative. Thanks.
November 13, 2015
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Glad to help. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Haz Comments: Hi i went to start my bmw 323i and it clicks once when turning the key. Prior to that i jump started a car. After that i turned it off and went to start it again then the ticking sound started any help??
September 18, 2015
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Sounds like the battery is discharged. i would check the battery and charging system. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
NickB Comments: Its an 04 325ci
September 14, 2015
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Thanks, got it. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
NickB Comments: Is there a spot you can test the solenoid on the starter with a meter to see if its getting volts, other then on the solenoid itself?
September 14, 2015
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: At the solenoid is the best spot. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
AJ Silva Comments: My starter bolts were E14 not a E12
September 5, 2015
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: What vehicle? Thanks for the additional info and feedback. We appreciate it.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
BK Comments: I just had the shop change my starter out it was bad now my 2003 325i accelerates ratber sluggishly. could have been anything related to the shop changing the starter out?
March 13, 2015
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: It's possible and air duct was left off or something is mis-connected. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
charles Comments: I have a 2004 330i sedan. Only in the mornings will the starter just make a few whirring sounds before catching and engaging. After the first start the car will fire up no problems for the rest of the day. I went to an auto parts store and the battery, starter and alternator all passed. Any ideas? What would be the problem but not a problem at all when the car warms up?
October 22, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Sounds like a bad starter. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Ripwinder Comments: Changed the starter on my e46 2001 330ci from the top without removing the manifold, took less than 4 hours. Difficult job if you don't know your way around an e46, I would say double the time if you've never done a big job before. Very tight working area, defo buy some ratchet spammers with a flexible head!!
October 18, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Thanks for the additional info and feedback. We appreciate it.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
arfster Comments: Can the starter be ruled out if my 03 325xi 5spd will not roll start in 1st gear?
September 27, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: I answered you under your other question. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
arfster Comments: Can the starter be ruled out if the car can't be roll started in 1st gear?
September 27, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Does the engine crank? I can't help without knowing what is missing from the system when you are trying to start it. When your engine doesn’t start you’ll want to check the basics. Check spark, fuel injector pulse and pressure fuel, volume and quality. Are there any fault codes? Once you figure out what is missing, it will be easier to diagnose.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
dan Comments: The intake manifold is difficult to remove. The starter is almost near the top of the bell housing and cannot be reached from the bottom. lowering transmission involves taking the exhaust down as it is mounted on the cross member for transmission. I would rate this on a 95 325i as very difficult.
July 31, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: It can be difficult, especially if it is one of the first repairs you are performing. Thanks for the additional info and feedback. We appreciate it.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
Rich Comments: I'm about to begin replacement of the starter on my 2006 325i E90. I ordered new bolts as recommend, but when I received the bolts one was only about half the length of the other. Is this correct or did I get sent the wrong bolts? I havent been able to find any pics of the original bolts removed and would just like to make sure i have the right bolts before getting started. Great write up and thanks in advance for any info.
July 9, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: You have the right bolts. One is indeed shorter. Thanks again. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
ace Comments: having pulled the manifold,i find a denso starter.replacement looks differnt,bosch style.will they interchange?
July 2, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Brand shouldn't matter, as long as the BMW part number is the same. Unless it has been superseded. Just double check the new one is for your vehicle. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
BdogDave Comments: I did this job a few months ago on my 2004 E46 convertible. Everything was fairly easy except the top starter bolt. After lowering the transmission, I needed 30 inches of extension, 2 u-joints and considerable swearing to get at the top bolt.
The only items I would add to your excellent article is to borrow an assortment of extensions from friends and be creative about how to put them together. Also a reminder to use new bolts when replacing the chassis reinforcement plate and to follow the rather unusual torquing instructions.
June 27, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: I usually get it out using a 24" extension. But I can see 30" working as well. Thanks for the additional info and feedback. We appreciate it.
- Nick at Pelican Parts
 
Viper1000 Comments: I am about to attempt to remove my starter on my 330 2004 e46. I live in Europe for the last few years. Intermittently my starter does not engage and spins at 1,000,000RPM making the most awful sound. Would that be something serviceable by cleaning and lubricatingsolenoid? Secondly to remove the starter is it e12 only? I saw a video on youtube of a guy that had to use a e14?
May 13, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: I do not have nay experience with European models. I would imagine the starter bolt is same size it is here in US. When you remove the starter, be sure the ring gear on the transmission is not stripped.- Nick at Pelican Parts  
JACK Comments: HI
MY 2002 BMW M3 E46, HAS A START PROBLEM SINCE SAT..
I GOT NEW BATT AT XMAS 2013, HAD TO RESET ONBOARD COMP..
OLD WAS HALF DEAD..TRIPPED THE RELAY OUT..ON COMP..
SO
THIS SAT ..MARCH IT WOULD NOT START
SO MY SONS MECH WHO RUNS A MOT PLACE SAID
TRY TURNING IT OVER QUICKLY ..4/5 TIMES AND THAT WORKED !
HE SAID CAUSE IS THE CABLE TO STARTER MOTOR BAD CONN OR DAMAGED ?
WHICH WIRE WOULD THAT BE ? PLZ
ADVICE

HEARD OF THIS BEFORE ?

TIA
JACK

CAR RUNS GREAT ! NO ERRORS
NEW SMG IN OCT 2013 COST 2K

NO PREV START ERRORS B4 BATT NEW..
ANY DIAGRAM HELP PLZ

REG SP52 EHW

March 3, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Not sure exactly what wire you mean. I would check for a good start signal to the starter motor, and good battery voltage supply to the starter and engine. VOltage drop the battery cable connections. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Jason Comments: Ok. I have to try to find information, but I have already looked for wiring diagrams. I haven't had much luck. I will also add a photo, so others can benefit from the discussion.
February 22, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: They are out there. Grab a repair manual from our site. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Jason Comments: Nick. Thanks...one last clarifying question..I am getting conflicting information on research of the wiring of my e46 I think the earlier models are reverse as far as writing of the e46. The signal wire is the black wire below to the right the 12 volt hot wire and the not the black and yellow striped wire above and to the left.

All of this is what I figured, but this input helps make sure it's right for me. Appreciate the help.
February 19, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: The wiring may change. Off the top of my head I don't know. I would grab a repair manual with wiring diagrams. You can put a DVOM on the wires, then tron the key to start to confirm which wire has to be activated. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Jason Comments: Nick, "Manually activate the solenoid with Battery volts" - How do you do that? I have theories, but I want to be very sure.
February 19, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Use a fused jumper wire to battery positive, connected to the start signal on the solenoid. Be sure the key is removed from the vehicle. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Jason Comments: Great write-up. What's the safest way if any to test that the starter works once the start is in with the intake manifold off. Idea being if your starter is new, it doesn't mean it works..obviously I would hate to put everything back together without testing it.
February 19, 2014
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: If you have all of the terminals connected, you can manually activate the solenoid with battery volts (the small start signal wire). However, be sure the key is out of the ignition so the engine doesn't start. - Nick at Pelican Parts  
Richard Comments: It took me about 6 months to realize that my car had this problem. Intermittent trouble starting my M3 SMG, which I falsely attributed to the SMG interlocks. I had it towed more than once before I found a mechanic that could fix it!

So yes, in big bold letters in a master troubleshooting guide, if your battery is good and the car won't turn over, even if your car has low miles, check the starter!
September 28, 2013
  Followup from the Pelican Staff: Thanks for the additional info. Hope the article was helpful. - Nick at Pelican Parts  

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